IELTS Writing Task 2 – Unemployment is getting increasingly serious in many countries


Unemployment is getting increasingly serious in many countries. Some people think students only need to get primary education, while others think secondary education is necessary.

What’s your opinion?


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You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

You should write at least 250 words.


IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay Sample

Sample Answer 1:

Nowadays, an increasing number of people cannot find jobs in many countries. Some
people argue that students only need to receive primary education, while others believe
secondary education is necessary. Before presenting my opinion, it is necessary for me to
probe into both sides of the issue.

Those who say that only primary education should be there, feel that education has little
influence on finding a job. To begin with, the competition for jobs is increasingly tough since
there are more and more job seekers. Definitely, no matter what level education a person
receives, he or she has to go to find a job finally, facing some competition. Therefore, the
earlier one goes to find a position, the better for a person. Furthermore, they think people
can acquire the technique through work instead of school. In other words, school education
does not provide practical technique for factories. It is unnecessary for people to receive
more education than primary courses.

On the other hand, those who believe that secondary education is necessary think that
secondary education will offer more knowledge for people who plan to work, which can get
them better paid jobs. However, both the two issues neglect the great impacts of education
on the development of individuals.

In my opinion, it is necessary for individuals to receive as much education as possible before
they go to work. Firstly, college or university education plays a key role in the development
of individuals. Secondly, education will definitely enhance the competition for work. The
more education one receives, the more opportunities for jobs he will have. For instance,
more companies are recruiting new employees with a bachelor or master degree recently
since the employment is very hard-to-get, with today’s financial crisis. Last but not least,
receiving more education will widen one’s horizons. Some of them, maybe, set up their own
business, creating a new approach to unemployment.

To put it in a nutshell, I pen down saying that, although primary education is sufficient for
some kinds of work, I firmly believe that people should receive higher education before they
go to work.

Model Answer 2:

It is true that rising unemployment is one of the most pressing issues in the industrial world. A high school certificate no longer guarantees a decent job. Some are of opinion that education beyond the primary school level is not needed, while the opponents of this proposition hold the view that it is necessary to offer secondary education. In my opinion, I completely agree with the idea that secondary level schooling is essential and should be provided.

The main reason why I believe secondary schooling should be offered is that academic qualifications are required in many professions worldwide. Most jobs today require at least a high school diploma or equivalent. For example, it is impossible to become a sales promoter, technician or clerk without having a high school qualification. As a result, high school graduates have access to more or better job opportunities both locally and internationally, and they can at least move out to another country to make a living if there are no career opportunities in their own country. Besides, the global job market is becoming increasingly competitive, and sometimes there are hundreds of applicants for one position in a multinational company. Young people who do not have qualifications from a secondary school will not be able to compete.

In addition, secondary schools are the institutions where the fundamental formation of a young adult occurs. There they are in company of other teenagers of the same age. Years of learning in groups teach them the important lessons of living in a society. He or she learns the basic civic duties as well as independent living skills to survive in a competitive society. What is more, much core academic, technical and other job-related knowledge needed for future employment, further education or even self-employment is imparted at this stage. The most dreaded vices of the adolescence such as drug-addiction and alcoholism that lead to youth unemployment are also curbed in high schools. Consequently, access to and completion of secondary education will eventually lead more people to employment. To illustrate, some recent studies in the media highlighted that students who finish high school are less likely to be unemployed, and more likely to earn higher salaries than those with fewer qualifications.

In conclusion, I believe that it is vitally important for governments to offer secondary education because a high school diploma is indispensable in today’s highly competitive job market and secondary schools teach people the necessary skills that will better prepare them for the world beyond school.


Model Answer 3: 

Nowadays many highly qualified people find it difficult to get a good employment. In this context, whether students complete their studies by primary education or they continue their education to higher levels is a topic of frequent discussion. In this essay, I will discuss both views before reaching my personal opinion.

Many people hold the view that primary education is sufficient to get a handsome job. The primary reason for them to support their point is that children learn basic arithmetic and general knowledge by elementary education which is enough to get a job and further he has to improve his practical skills by repeatedly doing it. For example, an automobile mechanic in hometown studied up to second class, after that he left school due to financial burden. However, by developing his practical experience, he could even repair international cars such as Ford, Nissan and Hyundai. Now he is an efficient mechanic than one who completed mechanical engineering. He could even support his family and dependents. In addition to this many famous people like Sachin Tendulkar, Steve Jobs are school drop- outs; and even then they reached great heights in life due to hard work, passion and luck not because of a university degree.

In contrast, secondary education is mandatory to survive in this fast-paced life. Many employers seek multiple degree holders as they think that people maintain certain discipline to achieve these degrees. For example, a nurse spends four years of disciplined and dedicated life to get her degree. Apart from this, some professionals like doctors, lawyers need sound theoretical and practical knowledge to survive in their profession since they are interrelated. For instance, a doctor should have thorough knowledge regarding the human anatomy, physiology and knowledge about the reaction of medicine on human body in general, which he can learn from theoretical studies. At the same time, individual difference in the drug reaction can be learned from practical experience. Therefore, detailed and in-depth studies are required in some profession.

Having discussed both views, I agree that skill is essential in some work. But it is difficult for everyone to find their interest at initial stage of education even though some may find it because of luck or passion .I inclined to the statement that secondary education is mandatory for everyone. Thus it makes people fit for highly paid jobs.

Sample answer 4:

It is unquestionable that rising unemployment is one of the most pressing issues in the industrial world. One solution that has been put forward is to cut the working week to a maximum of 35 hours. However, in my view this solution is rather controversial and other solutions need to be found.

It is fairly easy to understand the reasons why this proposal has been made. The reasoning is that if workers are not allowed to work for more than 35 hours weekly, then employers will be forced to engage more staff. There would be at least two advantages to this. Not only would unemployment be reduced, but the working conditions of employees on very long shifts would also be significantly improved. For example, a factory employing 300 manual workers doing 10 hours a day might employ 450 workers.

There is also, however, a strong argument not to implement this proposal. This argument is based on economic competitiveness. If a company was forced to employ more workers to produce the same amount of goods, then its wage bill would rise and its products might become more expensive and less competitive compared to companies with longer working weeks. In this case, it is possible that the company either might become insolvent or it would have to make some employees redundant. As a result, the intended benefit to the personnel would not happen.

In summary, we can see that this is clearly a complex issue as there are significant advantages and disadvantages to the proposal. My own personal view is that it would be better not to introduce the shortened working week because it works only in theory and not in practice.


Model Answer 5:

Today unemployment rates are increasing in most countries and this leads to poverty and other significant social problems. Many commentators are of the view that if people worked only 35 hours a week, there would be less unemployment because more people could get a job.

Reducing the working week will force employers to have more workers in order not to decrease productivity. The more workers there are, the more a country is rich because people can buy much more things and pay more taxes. The government could reduce exits for helping people who are poor and can’t afford to pay a rent or haven’t got their own house.

One may argue that if workers work less they are pay less and they might face economic problems due to high cost of living and the cost of living is becoming higher and higher in most of developed nations nowadays. Additionally, employers would be forced to pay much more taxes because they have more workers that could result in moving their business in other countries where workers are cheapier.

In my view no-one can force someone to work less than he wants to. One could say that the labour market should be more flexible. It can be argue that Government should facilitate part-time so people could work according to their needs. This could help many women with children since they can look after them and continue to work.

To summarise, it has now been shown that reducing the working week hours might not solve unemployment. There are other solutions Government can find like part-time or more flexibility in the labour market.



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