IELTS Writing Task 2 – Sending criminals to prison is not the best method of dealing with them


Sending criminals to prison is not the best method of dealing with them. Education and job training are better ways to help them.

Do you agree or disagree?


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

You should write at least 250 words.


IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay Sample

Sample Answer 1:

There are many different opinions on the best way to reduce crime. The traditional
solution is to punish the criminals by putting them in prison. Some hold the view that
education and job training are the long term solutions to cut crime. In my opinion,
prison is the only answer in a few situations, but in most cases education, vocational
training and rehabilitation are better.

Prison is the only answer in case of criminals who are a risk to the society, such as
murderers. They cannot be made to mix with society. Some people also say that people
would not be afraid of doing crime if fear of imprisonment is not there. But I still feel
that in majority of cases, we can do without prisons.

In traditional prisons, people learn a lot about crime and so when they leave prison they
will commit even more crime. In other words prisons act as universities of crime. So
petty offenders like shop-lifters and pick-pockets should be given some vocational
training and education. It is a well not fact that the basic causes of crime are poverty,
illiteracy and unemployment. So, if we provide education and job training then we
would be removing the causes of crime. If criminals are rehabilitated by some form of
employment then they would certainly not re-offend.

Furthermore, the prisons are expensive to maintain. The government can spend that
money on other important matters such as education and healthcare. This would ease
some burden from the government’s shoulders. The petty and minor criminals can also
be employed in some community service projects after providing education and
vocational training.

To put it in a nutshell, I pen down saying that we should hate the crime and not the
criminal. To fight crime we should focus on the causes of crime. Education and job
training help to rehabilitate the criminals. So, people who commit less serious crimes
should not be sent to prison. Focus should be on reforming them.


Model Answer 2:

One of the brewing discourses, which create a public stir, is the talk on the methods of dealing with criminals. In relation to this, while some people argue that imprisonment is necessary to punish offenders, other people claim that implementing rehabilitating methods is more effective for both the offenders and the society. Prior to rendering my opinion, let us look into all the related arguments.

The primary factor we should consider is that the purpose of prison is to punish offenders so that make sure the safety of law-abiding citizens. There are many culprits who neglect other people’s lives and property and these criminals are threatening public order and innocents citizens. Therefore, it is agreeable to imposing imprisonment and depriving them of liberty so that they are no longer able to commit crimes. Moreover, we should consider the emotion of the victims and their families. They hope the criminals should be punished to pay the price for their guilt, instead of having education or vocational training for preparing their future lives, because it is a justice of the society.

On the contrary, human rights activist claim that implementing locking up is not effective way to deter crime rates and recidivism. There are several reasons we should provide vocational training and education for malefactors. Firstly, education may change their thought on life and the society; hence, they have second change to recognize and reflect on their guilt, which leads them to re-integrate in the community. Furthermore, it is via vocational training that ex-convicts have proper job and support themselves and their family. Therefore, they may be no longer induced by committing crime with financial motives.

In a nutshell, I have finally come to realization that imprisoning may be a good device to punish culprits; however, education and job training may help criminals to rehabilitate and integrate in the community. Moreover, it contributes to reduce crime motives among re-convicts.


Model Answer 3:

People hold different views as to whether or not criminals should be sent to serve a prison sentence. Although there are some advantages of imprisoning offenders, I would argue that it is better to equip them with occupational skills that allow them to lead an improved life through education.

Admittedly, punishing law breakers by incarceration can produce a deterring effect which forces people to give a second thought to committing a crime. This in turn could restrict the urge of anyone to offend and hence lower the crime rates. In addition, by confining those who are serial killers or frequent offenders in a cage, they could be prevented from harming other individuals and causing more problems to the society. Therefore, it is reasonable for us to claim that imprisonment is an effective way to deal with criminals.

On the other hand, educating criminals to be capable of securing a job and living a satisfactory life may be a better method to help them. For example, a burglar who is forced to rob a residence because he has a daughter waiting for an urgent surgery, which demands considerable amount of money, could be offered financial supports and opportunities to acquire advanced job skills allowing him to compensate for the loss of the victims. This could also be done for those who are already in prison. By equipping them with the ability to earn a living and blend in the society as competent social members, not only would they be thankful, but also they can bring a positive impact, benefiting both their families and the society.

In conclusion, penalizing criminals with long time confinement may have limited capacity in terms of preparing them for their after jail life. Educating them to be able to sustain their lives and make contributions to the society, on the other hand, is a more effective means to help them.



Sample Answer 4:

It is a common issue to cope with wrongdoers in society and how to redesign the existing prison system is argued by several groups of people. Some people suggest that we may provide training and works for them to adjust their behaviour and I partially agree with it.

First of all, it is a positive method to encourage wrongdoers and train them to live in normal life. Also, it will stimulate their ability and mind to rehabilitate and even adjust their attitude. In this case, a friendly environment is well set and it may wholly affect their lives for a long time. Second, society may take advantage of the period of training and studying which may result in reducing the rate of crime committing. Education is the root cause of such problems and that will be a wonderful chance to deal with it.

However, this policy may not have benefits on the convicts who had committed a serious and unforgivable crime. The convicts who are in jail and taken away of their basic human right deserve their sin. And they are not capable of any treatment and scheme like these which are seen as enjoyment to taxpayers or even a victim. With such concern, I suggest that it should be planned with a clear level of crime system to evaluate their crime. Thus, different levels will give degrees of tasks and works and also eliminate citizens’ doubt and worry.

In conclusion, it is a controversial issue to consider a new and simple change of existing prison system. In my opinion, given the level crime of the system and apply to the scheme, it will be better and has positive and certain influence in both society and wrongdoers.


Model Answer 5:

Crime is triggered by different motivation and divided to different levels. Sending criminal into the jail is the most common method accepted by public but it is too narrow an approach. For some offenders, knowledge studying and job skill training is better than detention

Some criminals who stealing money or robbing passengers just because they suffered from poverty. Most of them few received good education or accepted vocation training, which is less allowed to find a job to feed themselves or their family. Equipping them with employment skills is an essential approach to solve this problem, meanwhile improving their social identity.

Apart from the criminal link to poverty, juvenile offenders are fit for educated. Youngsters who are not capable of distinguish legal or illegal behaviors are easily swayed by adult criminal. Some of them chose commit a crime to release their emotion because neglected by family or abused by parent. It is necessary to help them to rebuild notions of morality and acquire adequate education to accept by society.

Furthermore, spending time in prison may have negative effect to the impressionable minds of youngsters and repentance of adults. They may make friend with repeat offenders who abet them offend again and losing chance to back to the right way. The experience of prison may lead to people treat them unfairly, which will stand in the way of their life in the future.

Based on above argument, it is easily to conclusion that education and training can address the root causes of crime, not only reduce first crime rates but also decrease re-offender rates. This is a perhaps long term solution, but it is more realistic solution that maintains society stability.


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