IELTS Writing Task 2 – Some people think that university students should specialize in one subject


Some people think that university students should specialize in one subject, while others think universities should encourage students to learn a range of subjects. Discuss both views and give your opinion.


Same Topic – Some universities require students to take classes in many subjects. Other universities require students to specialize in one subject. Which is better?

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

You should write at least 250 words.

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay Sample

Sample Answer 1:

It is a highly debated issue as to whether students at university should concentrate on one
subject or study a multitude of subjects. In this essay I intend to discuss the benefits of both
approaches. However, I personally feel that studying a range of subjects is better for
university students.

There are many advantages, for students, of studying a number of subjects. The first and
foremost advantage is that if they don’t get a job in their field they will be able to get any
job related to their other subjects. They will not suffer unemployment and they will not be
stuck to menial jobs despite being highly qualified.

Moreover, a well rounded education is very important in today’s time. Without a diverse
background, a graduate will not be competent in any job. For example, excellent
communication skills are very important while looking for a job. For that you need a basic
English class. Most jobs require problem solving skills which you get from basic knowledge
of math and science. For instance, a doctor specializing in MRI scan, needs to have a good
knowledge of physics – magnetism etcetera.

Another advantage is that, learning a range of subjects can add spice to the students’
studies. Students may be fed up with study when they concentrate on one subject
constantly. Finally, it is well known that most of the subjects are linked to each other, to
some extent. With a range of knowledge, students can find different solutions to approach
the problems they encounter either at work or in life, which will definitely make them more
creative and innovative in the field they specialize in. Clearly, the students with all-round
knowledge have an apparent advantage over those specializing in only one subject.

On the other hand, the only advantage of studying only one subject at university would be
that it would make you a master in that field and you stand a chance of getting a high-paid
job in that field.

To put it in a nutshell, I pen down saying that, studying a variety of subjects is beneficial to
the university students. In this case, not only can the students better themselves, but also
become adaptable and flexible in the increasingly challenging and competitive world. It is
advisable that students spend time learning more subjects instead of focusing on one
specific subject, so that they can prepare themselves for the global society.

Model Answer 2:

Tertiary education is seen as the foundation of one’s career prospect.However, people display different views regard whethers students should attend one particular subject or vice versa. In my opinion, acquiring knowledge of different fields carries more benefits

On one hand, there is a widely accepted notion that studying one subject enables students to devote themselves to that area and seek to become professionals. This is particularly true in the case of learning subjects such as law, medical and engineering, which require years of theoretical knowledge and training. Since the time constraints, students have to throw themselves into the area of interest rather than taking other subjects. However,such students are more likely to have less career path. For example, psychology students may end up working as a psychologist or a consultant.

On the other hand, common sense tells us that one can acquire more practical skills and knowledge if he/she enrolls a variety of courses, which potentially enhance student’s employability. This is especially true in this day and age. Companies opt to recruit employees with multi-skills and a wide range of academic knowledge. For instance, if an accounting student is familiar with marketing and human resource management, perhaps he/she would be able to present more strategically advices in terms of company operation. In addition, students who exposed to different subjects are easier to find where their passion is located. Especially for first year students, attending other subjects allows them to reconsider their goals and choose the correct pathway towards their future studies.

In conclusion, although the advantage of focusing on one field of studying is evident, I am of the opinion that students benefit more from learning broadly.

Model Answer 3:

I think the issue about what is better to specialize in many subjects or choose the one is a controversial one. Each option has its own advantages and disadvantages. Some people prefer to specialize in one subject and know it very well. However, others prefer to extend their range of interests and specialize in many subjects but not in detail. Bellow I will give reasons to support my position.

From the one side, learning something in detail brings many benefits. First of all, people gain more knowledge and experience in this area. So, after graduation they are well prepared for their further career in this field. Second of all, they do not spend their precious time on other subjects. This gives them the opportunity to focus on one subject.

From the other side, people who specialize in many subjects have more options to choose from. For example, if a person does not make a decision about what he is going to do after graduation it is a very good chance for him to try many fields of study and make the right decision. In addition to this practical benefit a person have the opportunity to extend his range of interests, his communication skills and have better conceptions of things around. Also, a person has a better chance to choose what he really likes to do and make self-realization.

To sum up, I think that every person should have a chance to choose. Does he want to specialize in one subject or he wants to take classes in many subjects.


Model Answer 4:

Whether to require their students to take classes in many subjects or require them to specialize in one specific subject has long been a controversy among universities. In my eyes, learning different subjects would enrich the students’ knowledge, would help them expand their social circles and horizons and benefit their resumes. This is why I believe it is better to be required to learn many different subjects.

To begin, the main advantage of studying different subjects is that the students would be exposed to varied information they wouldn’t be exposed to by specializing in one subject. Students would extend their knowledge in Mathematics, Science, History and many others. When students are required to specialize in just one subject they may be well educated over that specific subject, but would be clueless regarding any others.

Furthermore, students would be able to meet more students with different perspectives and points of view. For example, I think that the type of students that studies Arts is not like the one studies Mathematics, while the former would be more creative and spiritual the later would be calculated and logical. The students that would learn in several different classes are more likely to meet different people and learn from their experience than students specializing in one subject.

In addition, knowledge equals power. By knowing varied information, students would become more appealing in the eyes of a future employer. For example, a company manager would want to hire people with as much knowledge as possible; this would put students with one specialty at a disadvantage. Having a wide range of knowledge would contribute the students’ professional status.

In conclusion, I believe it is obvious that universities that require their students to know different subjects would benefit their students the most. Wide range of knowledge would drastically improve different aspects of the students’ lives; work, school and their social lives, as mentioned above.

Model Answer 5:
I think students should be encouraged to take classes in many subjects and I have three reasons to support my idea.
First of all, students can be specialized after university. Now a lot of people go to graduation school. Graduation schools are more specialized and people can focus on one subject that they want to learn deeply. Therefore, students do not have to specialize in one subjects when they go to university. Some people insist that it is better if you start earlier. I can understand but now our school history is getting long, therefore I think we do not have to concentrate on one subject. Just 50 years ago, there were not many people who went to college. But now many people go to college and it is not unusual to go to graduation school. Some of them get PhD and it means they spend around 4 years at school after university. This is a reason why I believe that students do not have to specialize in a one subject while they go to college.
Second, vast knowledge is good for specialization, too. Knowing many things is very beneficial if you want to specialize in a subject. Many things are very related in this world, therefore we have to learn many different things to broaden horizons. For example, my major was economics. We have to learn English to catch up latest theory since economic has been developing by English speaking countries, especially the UK and the USA. It is clear that most of Nobel Prize winners are from those two countries. Also, economic needs knowledge of mathematics, since we use a lot of numbers. Also, some economic focus on why people buy an item and they can approach psychologically. My friend is a researcher, he is an bio engineering therefore he has to know about biology and engineering. Now we need vast knowledge. Therefore, we have to study many things.
Last of all, students can associate many type of people. If you take many variant courses, you get to know many different types of people. But if you specialize in one subject, you get to know the same type of people. People should get along with many people. To know a lot of different types, people can reduce discrimination or prejudice. This is the reason why I don’t think it is a good idea to specialize in a subject.
Considering these facts, I think university should encourage students to take many different courses.

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