IELTS Writing Task 2 – Some people think the increasing business and cultural contact between


Some people think the increasing business and cultural contact between countries brings many positive effects. Others say it causes the loss of national identities.

Discuss on both sides and give your opinion.


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

You should write at least 250 words.


IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay Sample

Sample Answer 1:

Globalization has resulted in more business and cultural contacts among different nations.
This also means that in many ways people around the world are becoming more and more
similar. This situation has both pros and cons which I shall discuss in the following

There are many benefits of globalisation. To begin with there are more jobs because of
globalisation. Multinational companies have opened in many parts of the world providing
jobs to thousands of people. Secondly, there is more efficient trade between different
countries around the globe thereby improving the economies of developing countries.
People have more opportunities to travel and therefore have awareness of other cultures.
What is more, today people have more choices of products because of globalisation.

There are also many reasons why people say that national identities are being lost. We eat
the same food, watch the same TV programmes, listen to the same music and wear the
same clothes. People have also started speaking one language, English, in many parts of the
world. In fact, English has become the lingua franca today.

However, I feel that this is a very narrow definition of national identities and nations are as
different as they were ever in the past. Cultural identity is based on far more than just the
films we watch or the clothes we wear. For example, take my own culture of India and
compare it to the west. We may wear any clothes, but we never take the names of elders
and call them with respect. In the west, it is quite OK to call anyone by name. In fact, they
appreciate it more. I believe that after knowing about other cultures, we learn to respect
our culture even more. So, some very deep rooted national identities will always be there.

To put it in a nutshell, I pen down saying that there are more advantages of increasing trade
and cultural contact among nations. Whatever similarities we see today are only on the
surface. Total loss of national identities can never take place.


Model Answer 2:

In this global economy, multinational companies and all kinds of NGOs can be seen everywhere in the world. Whether globalization is a boon or bane has been a frequent topic of discussion.

There are three main reasons why many people are in favour of globalization.First and foremost, it helps to boost the economy in both developing countries and developed countries. For example, companies from developed countries like japan have benefited a lot from the cheap labor in developing countries such as China and Vietnam.At the same time, millions of dispossessed in Asia and Africa find their jobs and lift their families out of poverty. Secondly, globalization promotes intercultural communications by breeding immense opportunities for individuals to go abroad ,such as a working holiday,a simple business trip ,or a volunteer program).People can gain valuable experiences and thus have a better understanding of different cultures. Finally, With a variety of exotic cuisines and imported goods,globalization also enriches people’s life.

However,some people fear that globalization may lead to the loss of cultural identies.It is true to some extent. A great number of young Chinese girls have no problem wearing kimonos in a cosplay show,but face a psychological barrier when asked to wear traditional chinese dresses,which they consider are only wore by restaurant waitresses. However,although absurd things like that happen from time to time during the course of globalization,I do not think globalization is the culprit for this.And instead of blaming foreign cultures for invasion,government need to figure out how to resurrect its own culture and make its people proud.

In conclusion, the increasing business and cultural contacts are beneficial to people all over the world. When enjoying the benefits brought by globalization,governments and their people need to protect their native cultures too.


Model Answer 3: 

Globalisation has increased the integration between nations in terms of economic, cultural, and social aspects. Some hold the view that the influences are beneficial, while some suggest that it might therefore reduce the identities of nations. In this essay, the advantageous impacts as well as the disadvantageous ones will be presented.

To begin with, the economic activities increased enormously through the process of globalisation. For instance, foreign companies can set their production factories in the areas where human resources are less expensive, such as China and Vietnam, to reduce their costs. This can also improved the local economies in these developing countries. Nevertheless, these industrial activities are often lack of regulations. Worker safety and pollution, as an illustration, are sometimes ignored, which can lead to serious problem like fatality rates in the areas.

Furthermore, the growth of international contacts would reduce the uniqueness of the countries. A good example for this is the phenomenon of Americanisation. The United States of America is so powerful in every field that people in other countries assimilate into American culture, from huge fast food chains to the “English Mania” in countries like China and Japan. It is a fact that the fast food culture has branched into places where there were originally an incredible diversity of cuisines. In addition, the dominant status of English as a lingua franca has resulted in language death.

To sum up, it is no doubt that the influences of globalisation can be both beneficial and detrimental, by means of economy and culture. Nonetheless, we have to keep in mind that it is exactly because of the diversity that makes our planet exceptional, and it is certainly that we do not lose our values as well as identities when making our lives better.

Model Answer 4:
In this era of glabalisation the world is considered to be a global village as trade, tourism, politics, films, music, literature and arts are not restricted within a country’s border. This international business opportunity and cultural exchange surely bring many positive aspects while the negative impacts cannot be ignored as well. This essay delves with these two views and expresses my personal opinion on that.

On one hand, the positive outcomes of cross cultural activities and international trade are immense. In this age of modern technology and Internet people have access to films, music, arts, language, cultural and many other aspects of other countries. The international trade and business opportunities have helped people all over the world to purchase and sell products at a competitive price and they have far more options nowadays than the past. Crops grown in a distant village or dresses designed by a rural labour have got a world market and this has helped to fight the most vicious problem in the world- hunger. Someone can feel hatred and anger to other nations only if his vision was blurred with the propaganda. For instance, Muslims around the world have a very negative image to the Western people and this could be resolved only by cultural contact. Eventually people will find that they are all the same apart from their religious and cultural differences. So from this point, it can be inferred that cultural contact between nations can maintain the world peace.

On the other hand, people who are worried about the globalization, international trade and cultural exchanges opine that this very trend is detrimental for a country’s own culture and tradition. They are right to some extent but I personally believe that culture is ever changing and if people exchange culture, it will not diminish their own culture. Rather it would enrich a country’s own culture. History also teaches us that many cultural and traditional aspects are borrowed from other nations and this has in fact a positive impact.

Considering both of these views, I would surmise that protecting our own culture or tradition would depend on us and it would not be harmed from our business relation and cultural contact with other nations. National identities are represented by its citizens and heritage and that is why when citizens of a country would be benefitted from the international business and cross cultural contacts, they would also be able to highlight their own cultural aspect to the world.

Sample Answer 5:
The growing global business relationships and interaction between various cultures have resulted in greater economic development and better understanding between people across the globe. However, some people believe that such developments have led to the degradation of the individual identities of many countries.
On the one hand, the establishment of large international businesses firms has created a great number of jobs for the educated and skilled youth in many underdeveloped countries. For example, the arrival of software and outsourcing companies like Google and Accenture from the United States have created enormous jobs for engineers in India. At the same time, these companies have been able to reduce the cost of their operations by relocating to less expensive locations of the world.
Similarly, today people in many countries are able to enjoy music, dance, theatre and other cultural practices of other countries. This has helped them to appreciate other cultures and it has often become a positive impact on their own cultures. For example, western music and movies are very popular in many parts of the world, and in India films and film music have been greatly influenced by the technical advancements of the west. At the same time, Indian spiritual and cultural practices like yoga and meditation have been extensively practiced by many westerners, especially in the recent times.
On the other hand, People’s food and dressing habits and entertainment options are dominated by international business firms, whereas traditional lifestyles becoming unpopular. This has led to the internationalisation of culture directed by multinational companies. This is evident in the increasing popularity of fast-foods like Pizzas, Burgers and fried meats of multinational chains like KFC, Pizza Hut and MacDonald. In contrast, many traditional dishes are becoming less popular or even extinct all over the world.
In conclusion, although we need to acknowledge that globalisation has resulted in a certain loss of cultural identities, it has enormous benefits in terms of economic development and cultural evolution of the world. Therefore, from a broader perspective, accepting such changes can only be considered as a positive development.
Model Answer 6:

One of the most noticeable trends recently is a closer connection among nations in terms of business and culture. While many argued that it may lead to the demise of countries’ identities, I believe that it brings about opportunities for one’s progression.

There are several reasons why national identity can disappear if cultural and business bonding among countries is strengthened. Firstly, the invasion of foreign cultures, either through media or through business interaction, has made the locals have become more accustomed to exotic cultures, especially younger generations. Many young Asians are captivated by the Western culture which has changed their ways of life. Secondly, taking a look back in history, a plethora of civilizations are  vanishing, this started by the loss of own language. Many small communities want to come out of their isolation and seek interaction with the wider world; therefore, they learn other languages to exist.

Nevertheless, I believe that business and cultural relationship between countries have resulted in greater economic development. To begin with, trade throughout global thereby improves the economy of underdeveloped countries. Many multinational companies have opened in many parts of the world providing jobs to thousands of locals. Furthermore, those countries can get a chance to spread their culture to others. A unique culture can attract foreign visitors and become a huge income source for a nation. For example, Vietnam is famous for “pho”, a traditional food made from rice, and many tourists want to visit to Vietnam and enjoy it.

In conclusion, although there are some reasons why the increased of interactions in both business and cultural aspects between nations has brought concerns over its impact on the identity of each country, in my opinion it can promote the nation’s development

Model Answer 7:
The world today is characterized by the free flow of information and commodity. The frequent interaction and growing interdependence among countries have ended the days of regional isolation and absolute national sovereignty, but they have also sparked off heated controversies over the positive and negative impacts that a global culture can bring into our life.

Some people say that the widening international exchanges, both in the field of business and culture, have exerted positive influences to a nation as well as its people. To begin with, they promote business cooperation among nations. For example, large multinational companies spread the latest technologies and experience around the world, and international trade has helped so many less developed economies grow. Also, they enrich people’s lives because people of one nation are given opportunities through international tourism, exhibition and fairs, TV programmes and films, etc. to enjoy the achievements of other cultures across the globe.

However, other people argue that these conditions also create the possible danger of undermining a country’s national identity. In the first place, traditional cultures might fall victim a global media and entertainment force. This is the most evident in some parts of the world where “Americanisation” is threatening the preservation of their indigenous culture. In Viet Nam, for instance, few youngsters like or understand “Hue Court Music”, the quintessence of Vietnamese culture; they go for Hollywood movies and rock music instead. Moreover, in the process of globalization, the world is getting less linguistically diverse, as a growing number of people give up their native language for the dominant language in the world – English.

From my point of view, both arguments are the true reflections of the possible consequence of an increasing economic and cultural interaction among nations. It boosts economic integration and speeds up modernization but also creates tensions between global culture and a country’s national identity. Therefore, we should take the initiative in fighting to protect our distinct culture and identity from being submerged by other cultural or economic influences.

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