IELTS Writing Task 2 – Many people are optimistic of the 21st century and see it as an opportunity


Many people are optimistic of the 21st century and see it as an opportunity to make positive changes to the world. To what extent do you share their optimism?

What changes would you like to see in the new century?

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

You should write at least 250 words.


IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay Sample

Sample Answer 1:

Change is but natural. Everything undergoes a sea of changes over a period. Many changes
are expected in the 21st century. I am an optimistic person and I believe there will be many
beneficial changes which I would like to see in the 21st century.

To begin with many positive changes are expected in the medical field. Our researchers are
working day and night to find treatment of various types of cancers and other fatal diseases
such as AIDS. Because of advanced diagnostic techniques like MRI and nuclear scan, many
diseases can be detected so early that treatment is now possible. Advances are also going
on for cell transplant instead of organ transplant. If this becomes true, transplant surgeries
will become a thing of the past.

Furthermore, terrorism and wars will be there only in history books. The whole planet Earth
has already shrunk into a global village. National boundaries will disappear completely. We
will also have better alternatives to energy sources. Global warming will be dealt with
effectively and everyone will have the basic amenities of life.

Finally, illiteracy and poverty will be wiped out. Everyone would be educated and contented
and therefore there would be peace, harmony and happiness all around. Holidays in space
might be common. Change is imminent in every sphere of human life. What is certain is that
those who accept changes, instead of those resisting them, will be more successful.

To put it in a nutshell, I pen down saying that all this might sound too optimistic, but I would
surely wish to see all these in the 21st century.


Model Answer 2:

The new century comes with a different technology, inventions, political and social changes and also brings the new brutality in human history and the 21st century has already brought many changes in the world and human lives and certainly there are yet more changes to come.

First of all, the technological changes and updates would become more frequent and the use of internet, cell phone and computers would become widespread. Even in very remote areas people would use these technological advances and that would both positively and negatively affect their lifestyle. Second, the religious fanaticism would diminish and except few fanatic people, most other would live a live where religion would bring little conflicts. Third, the improvements in genetic engineering and medical science would improve the way of people live as it would eradicate many deadly diseases. However, the history suggests that new devastating diseases would emerge without any cure. Fourth, the conflict among nations would become more economic than the doctrine and politics. The world would be divided in terms of capitalism and socialism and new political dogma would appear in many countries.

Fifth, People would learn more about the outer space as the experiment and scientific research is outer space is going on more steadily than ever. Sixth, the nuclear power would replace the traditional power sources and at the same time many countries would possess the nuclear power and that would always be a tread for the world. I would not be surprised if nuclear war takes place in this century and destroy a great number of countries. Then people would explore the sea resources as the land resources would be less in number and that would be a great new source for people.

In conclusion, the world would have newer technologies and a better life expectation in this century while the political conflict would arise and that might lead to destruction. In the same time people would learn more about the outer space and sea resources more than ever.


Model Answer 3:
There is no doubt that 21th century will bring extremely advance changes, related to almost every field and it will help the human beings to raise the standard of their lives. What kind of changes are expected, it will be discussed in following paragraphs.

To begin with, one must acknowledge that 21th century is technologically advance century. Inventors are doing extremely tremendous research work to make the new inventions come into existence, which ultimately lead to make the life of human being more sophisticated.

Advancement in the things, which one can use in their daily life ,can be seen ,for instance ,gadgets and equipments ,to make our work more reliable and accurate .Apart from this ,exploration in the space related programs is also possible ,which will ultimately help the human to protect the mankind as well as earth as such discoveries will be helpful to explore more about the universe and they may be able to predict about the upcoming danger or helps us to prevent them. Furthermore, in future, adequate medical facilities will be there as day by day new inventions related to medical field are coming into existence, remedies for diseases, which are incurable in present scenario, might be possible in future.

To recapitulate it can be stated that in upcoming few years human will be blessed with adequate facilities, which definitely will make their lives quite easier, due to advanced technology.


Model Answer 4:
Man, through the ages, has undergone many changes from the time when he depicted a herd of mammoths on the walls of his cave to these days when he can create beautiful pictures and even make coffee by use of computer technologies without leaving his favorite chair. The 20th century made huge steps in developing computer technologies and reached many goals that made our life much easier. What should we expect in the 21st century?

First of all, I think that the pace of our life will speed up: we will move faster from one place to another, from one continent to another using high speed jet airplanes. Second of all, I believe that we will be able to do many things that take much time now without leaving our house. Computers will be everywhere including out clothes. Many people will have chips and mini computers inserted in their heads to hold huge amount of information and have a quick access to it.

But what will be the most amazing thing in the 21st century is the flights to the outer space and Mars that will be available to all people. Scientists say that Mars has many things similar to the Earth’s. Moreover, they say that with the help of modern technology people can artificially create conditions that will allow people to live there on the constant basis.

Apart from that, Computers would become more powerful and they will have superior artificial intelligence. We will have robots to do the hazardous works like mining and outer space research. Surprisingly, e-commerce would be in more convenient form and most of the people will purchase online rather than going to shops in person. In the field of education and jobs dramatic changes would happen. Online learning and freelancing would be very popular and people would be able to earn almost all of their desired degree and diploma staying at home. Finally, cure for many deadly diseases would be invented and yet new diseases may spread to cause some deadly catastrophe.

To sum up, I am sure that many amazing changes will be brought by the 21st century. Furthermore, I think that with the help of the contemporary technologies people can do many things that were even difficult to imagine a century ago. So, nowadays it is rather difficult and even impossible to imagine all changes that will happen in the next decades.



Model Answer 5:

Along with the rapid development of human society, we are experiencing a change that never happened before. A majority of people take an optimistic attitude to the coming of new millennium. I personally think the coming of 21 century will bring us not only more opportunities, but also more challenges.

It is no doubt that the 21 century will bring us more opportunities and improve our life condition. For individuals, the development of medical skills and new medicines will save more precious lives; the further communication among countries will also produce more chances for individuals to visit other countries and to study new knowledge, so that by enriching their knowledge and experiences, make them more eligible for their careers and contribute more to the society. In turn, in terms of countries, the development of individuals will lead to them stronger and more abilities to sever citizens, thereby creating more harmonious atmosphere and living environment for human being.

However, at the meantime, there will be many potential challenges. We do not need to mention other things, only pay little attention to News we will know how many tragedies happened every day. Earthquake, tsunami, hurricane and so on, are threatening our lives every seconds. So if these phenomena do not be investigated clearly, human will still under the threat of natural forces.

 Personally, I hope the new changes in new millennium will include the following things: First, it is the issues existing in present society, such as education, employment and medical care system, as well as housing. Secondly, I hope the formation of natural forces that cause severe damages could get a clear answer. I also hope we could get reply about why they form; what we can do to prevent them; and what we can do to avoid these serious and disastrous results.

In conclusion, the coming of new millennium will bring us both opportunities and challenges. Facing it, human being still has many arduous assignments to deal with. In my opinion, I hope we could solve not only the society problems but also the formation principle of natural forces


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