IELTS Writing Task 2 – Many people believe that scientific research should be carried out

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Many people believe that scientific research should be carried out and controlled by the governments rather than private companies.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

 

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

You should write at least 250 words.

 

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay Sample

Sample Answer 1:

There is no doubt that scientific research can provide a lot of wealth to a country. However,
it is a matter of debate whether these researches should be carried out by governments or
private companies. From my point of view, both the governments and private companies
should be actively involved in scientific researches.

There is a strong argument why scientific researches should not be done only by the
government. Government has so much else on its shoulders. It has to provide infrastructure
such as transportation, hospitals and education institutes to the citizens. Then it has to
support the defence services and even maintain law and order in the country.

There are some areas, however, where only the government should carry out and control
scientific research. Firstly, researches into nuclear technology and national defence are very
crucial. They cannot be left into the hands of private companies. Secondly, some researches
are only for the advancement of knowledge. In such research the private companies have
no incentive. So the government should take the leading role.

There are many areas in which private companies should participate in scientific researches.
To begin with, researches are done more efficiently by private companies because they are
profit driven. Every dollar is spent wisely to ensure maximum benefits and every resource is
used effectively to avoid waste. Also, researches by private companies are closely associated
with market needs. Private companies are market oriented so they always come up with
inventions that have practical values that can increase productivity and improve life. For
example, researches in cosmetics and cough medicines.

Both, governments and private companies should be active in scientific research. Some
researches should be done only by the government, some by private companies and in
some the resources can be shared.

 

Model Answer 2:
It is common that many private companies in many countries carry out scientific researches and programs. However, because of the advantages of sufficient funding, reinforced security, and supporting for non-profit programs, in my opinion, scientific researches should be carried out and controlled by the governments.

First of all, some huge scientific researches such as outer space programs require the participation of thousands of researchers and the corporation of various institutions, and all these requirements are needed the sufficient financial support. As an administrator of society, the government is obliged to allocate a high proportion funding to scientific research. The government is in a good position to mobilize and coordinate the resource of funding all over the country to accomplish scientific projects.

In addition, as the results of scientific research sometimes contain confidential information that is vital to national security. Some high technological results, for example: the nuclear generating station and the cloning; should be controlled by the government. The government can contribute their power to prevent bad effects such as nuclear leaking and protect the public’s security.

Lastly, some of researches are long-term non-profit programs, for example, preserving and protecting the ecosystem of our planet from natural or man-made disturbances; these researches would not be carried out in the private companies because they are profit driven. The government would control these researches to protect the ecosystem and the society.

In conclusion, since the government can contribute its financial support, security issues, and non-profit researches, it should take the leading role in the scientific research.

Sample Answer 3:
Instead of being conducted by private companies, some people think that scientific research must be managed and monitored by the governments. I personally believe that private companies should be given their own freedom in doing research, but with sufficient and proper monitoring from the governments.

On the one hand, it is true that scientific research should not be only conducted by the governments. The main reason is that the scope of scientific research is varies and wide, and private companies could cover up some researches which are not carried out by the governments. Many private institutions or individuals discoveries’ are useful for humanity, as we can learn from the past. For example, Thomas Alva Edison was an individual inventor who found some many valuable tools for human beings, such as the bulb light. We should notice that the invention was not the main focus of the government’s research during that time, and thanks to Edison we have electric light today.

On the other hand, although private companies are given the right to do scientific research, they must be strictly monitored by the governments. They must be controlled, as some of them might be doing illegal researches. For example, some companies might focus on developing biochemical weapons, and it could threat the world peace. It is the governments’ task to prevent and block these kinds of researches.

In conclusion, I do not agree if scientific research should only be conducted by the governments. It is a fact that the scope of scientific research is wide, therefore private companies should be allowed in doing research. However, I do agree if researches that are done by private companies must be reviewed, and monitored by the governments, in order to avoid any misappropriation.

Model Answer 4:

With the fast-pacing development of world economy, scientific research has become more and more significant part in most countries. There are those who argue that scientific research should be only performed by government. It is unacceptable to agree to this viewpoint for concrete arguments.

First of all, government is considered as an executive power, so it plays a crucial role in calling for investment as well as human resources to meet demands of doing research science. If government follows this strategy, it will make a huge contribution to developing scientific research. As a result, there will be varieties of breakthroughs in the field of medicines, advanced technology and chemistry. With the role of being executive, government should have national policies to encourage private companies to invest much more money in doing research, for example reduction of tax or supporting working offices.

Another important reason is that scientific research cannot be done by government because government has a mountain of social urgency to fulfill such as improving infrastructure to deal with overpopulation, traffic congestion and contaminated environment. It is clear that these things would consume a large amount of money of the state budget. Therefore, these problems have become overwhelming burden on national purse and government is impossible to concentrate on doing scientific research.

It seems to me that government should not perform scientific research due to shrinking state budget. Government has encourages policies for private enterprises to do this because government has a wide range of urgent possibilities to complete.

Model Answer 5:
A country active in scientific research is often one that has a strong power for innovation and wealth creation. Nevertheless, the optimal structure for such kind of research is still source of debate. Should it be the sole responsibility of the government?

Some people argue that it’s better for the government to control scientific research. They believe that research into nuclear technology, national defense or military intelligence is in the national interest or involves high levels of secrecy and should be carried out only by the government. Also, in basic scientific research which is directed purely towards the advancement of knowledge, or where results cannot be guaranteed, there is little incentive for the private sector to invest in these areas and therefore the governments take the leading role.

There are, however, reasons for private companies to participate in scientific research. Research is done more efficiently by private companies because they are profit driven; their products are also more closely associated with market needs. Research into simple articles such as cosmetics or cough medicine is not what the government is interested in, so it’s necessary for the private sector to invest in these areas because they are important for our daily lives.

From my point of view, both the governments and private companies should be actively involved in scientific research. We should encourage the cooperation between different research institutes including state-owned research centers, universities and corporate labs to accelerate the transfer of technology and research into products and services that can benefit human life.

Model Answer 6:
A country active in scientific research is often one that has a strong power for innovation and wealth creation. Nevertheless, the optimal structure for such kind of research is still source of debate. Should it be the sole responsibility of the government?

Some people argue that it’s better for the government to control scientific research. They believe that research into nuclear technology, national defense or military intelligence is in the national interest or involves high levels of secrecy and should be carried out only by the government. Also, in basic scientific research which is directed purely towards the advancement of knowledge, or where results cannot be guaranteed, there is little incentive for the private sector to invest in these areas and therefore the governments take the leading role.

There are, however, reasons for private companies to participate in scientific research. Research is done more efficiently by private companies because they are profit driven; their products are also more closely associated with market needs. Research into simple articles such as cosmetics or cough medicine is not what the government is interested in, so it’s necessary for the private sector to invest in these areas because they are important for our daily lives.

From my point of view, both the governments and private companies should be actively involved in scientific research. We should encourage the cooperation between different research institutes including state-owned research centers, universities and corporate labs to accelerate the transfer of technology and research into products and services that can benefit human life.

Model Answer 7:

Should the government take the place of private companies in scientific research, as many people assert? Personally, I partially agree with this assertion, and my reasons be explored as below.

The first reason why the government should manage scientific research is about a concern of its safety. In an age of money worship, there is a high possibility that the desire of making money would drive private companies to carry out some evil scientific projects that violate moral taboos, for example, human cloning. In contrast, this risk can be eradicated by the management of the government, which plays a role of a powerful supervisor, thus keeping scientific experiments and purposes from challenging ethical boundaries and laws of modern civilization.

Besides, the replacement of private companies by the government can substantially reduce the costs of scientific achievements. In fact, prices of new technologies, devices and medicines developed by private companies and institutes are maxed, in terms of their initial goal of pursuing profits. For example, the consumer price of one single pill for HIV/Aids is hundreds of dollars, while its factory cost is only few dollars. Oppositely, if biomedical research is supported by the tax revenue, instead of by private funds, patents and secrets of advanced medical technology do not belong to one private company anymore, and all social medical manufactures can be allowed to produce new medicines massively, without paying for high patent fees. As a result, new medications and cures will be affordable for all individuals, especially for poor groups.

However, the main worrying aspect of this policy is about the fact that the scientific budget from the government is always limited, failing to cover all scientific projects nationally. In other words, with no funding sources of private companies, many highly-costly research that might bring great benefits and values to fully solve the lasting and pressing social problems like famine, in-born and infectious diseases, , environmental pollution and depletion of energy, will have to be hampered and even cut off. Therefore, the involvement of private companies is a must for all kinds of research, because they can keep large and stable investments into the development of new science and technologies.

In conclusion, the advantages of the government controlling all scientific research overweight the disadvantages. Although this policy might lead to the shortage of scientific funding, its positive effects on keeping scientific experiments in an ethic way and decreasing the costs of new technologies and substances should never be underestimated.

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(Collected; Source: Internet)