An increase in production of consumer goods results in damage of the natural
environment. What are the causes and possible solutions?
Same Topic –
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
You should write at least 250 words.
IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay Sample
Sample Answer 1:
Today we live in an era of continuously increasing consumer demand. This rate of
consumption is increasing at an alarming rate. This essay shall deal with the causes of
increase in production goods and how it affects the environment and suggest some ways
The first and foremost reason for the increase in production of consumer goods is the
burgeoning population of today. More people lead to more demand. Secondly, because of
globalization people are flooded with choices. When they see a new product they want that
too. What is more, the buying capacity of people has gone up because of developing
economies. Finally, the manufacturing industries are producing cheaper consumer goods by
compromising with quality. These are affordable by the common man but the quality is so
bad that they cannot be repaired. Mostly they have to be discarded after some time of use.
The most serious effect of this phenomenon is on the environment. Our landfill sites are
filling up with non bio-degradable wastes. It is also leading to pollution. Destroying used
plastic is becoming a major problem everywhere. Even the recycling of plastic needs a lot of
electricity. Conventional methods of generating electricity add to pollution. Disposing of a
lot of waste materials such as heavy metals like lead and mercury and poisonous gases also
adds to pollution. It is said that the earth can satisfy everybody’s need but not everybody’s
greed. The amount of energy used in manufacturing and disposal of consumer goods is also
leading us to a brink of energy crises.
The solutions are not easy. Steps have to be taken on a war footing. People have to be made
aware of the disastrous consequences of consumerism. People should buy only what is
absolutely necessary. As far as possible biodegradable materials should be used as raw
materials and excessive packaging should be avoided. Industries should be encouraged to
use alternative sources of energy during production. Quality should not be compromised
with. This would definitely help in reducing the use-and-throw culture. Finally, waste
disposal methods should be very good. Strict action should be taken against those industries
which dump their effluents indiscriminately.
To put it in a nutshell, I pen down saying that, consumerism is rampant nowadays and it is
having a detrimental effect on our environment but steps can be taken to minimize the bad
effects of excessive consumerism.
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