Governments Should Spend Money On Railways Rather Than Roads IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer.
Sample Answer WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Governments should spend money on railways rather than roads.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer 1:
Fast and safe transportation system and improved communication are two important aspects of the development of a country.Every government wants its citizens to commute safely and faster while the trade and business also depend on a solidtransportation system. Thus when the question arises whether a government should focus on improving its railways or roads,people seems like have divided opinions. I personally agree that a government should spend more money on railways system as itis better to develop the railway transpiration system than developing roads.
Fast of all railways offers safe commuting both for the citizens and traders. The numbers of road accidents and casualties roadvehicles cause in many countries are far more than that of accidents in the railway system. Thus investing more on a safe way ofcommuting is a much more prudent idea. Rails cause comparatively less environmental damage while the road vehicles are themain reason for increasing pollution around the world.
Second, rails can carry hundreds of people and several tonnes of goods while road transports can carry only a few people orfewer amounts of products at a time. Some shuttle trains are many times faster than that of private cars and public buses. Thusimproved railways would save peoples’ valuable time every day. Thirdly, rail lines are usually away from the main cities and that iswhy some busy cities have no other alternatives than to improve their rail transportation system. Express trains can reduce thecongestions in many cities and more investment to improve the railways is the only possible solutions in cities where a largenumber of people live in.
Finally, the population of the world is increasing rapidly and that is why investing more money on faster and safer transportationsystem is more logical than investing in the older transportation system. Railways will be future in transportation and investing on itis the better choice for any government.
In conclusion, I believe that a government, either in a developed or a developing country, should invest to build a safer, faster andmore reliable transportation system and railways thus should always get a priority over the roads.
Sample Answer 2:
Some people believe that governments should build more railroads rather than highways and roads. To a certain point, I wouldagree with the statement, but I also believe that the decision of building railways or roads should be decided base on the naturalcondition of the area and the preference of citizens.
On the one hand, it is understandable if some people think that governments should expand more railroads rather than roads andstreets. Firstly, it is obvious that when a country has extensive rail networks, it will positively affect the logistic cost. The sellingprice of many products would be cheaper since a single locomotive could carry tonnes of crops, goods or liquid products.Secondly, by building integrated subway stations in city centre areas, it will reduce traffic congestion. For example, as Singaporehas a very good train network called MRT, most of the people rarely drive on their own vehicle. As a result, Singapore is free fromtraffic congestion and air pollution.
On the other hand, it is also important for governments to have some feasibility study regarding to the geological area before theydisburse some money on railroads. It is a fact that some areas might not be feasible for railways, as those areas might be swampsor rocky mountain. Should the government enforced themselves in building railway networks there the investment cost might beunreasonable. For instance, the island of Borneo in Indonesia, is the one of the largest islands in the world, but most of the areasare swamps. It is not feasible for railroads but as the island have wide and long rivers such as the Mahakam and Kapuas, thegovernment could focus more on building water transportation. The preference of citizens should also be considered beforeinvesting on construction on railroads or highways.
In conclusion, to a certain extent, I would agree that governments should build more railroads rather than roads and highways. ButI do believe that governments should also make considerable measurement before they spend their money on railways. Theymust ensure that their areas are feasible and people prefer that transportation system.
Sample Answer 3:
It becomes a controversial topic these days about the effective method of transport systems. The government in many countriesdoes a lot of research in searching which transport systems that should be subsidized heavily. Consequently, some assert thatinvesting on railways is the best way to spend money on rather than prioritizing in roads. Personally, I completely agree with thispolicy for a couple of reasons.
To begin with, establishing new railways has a significant improvement in traffic problems. With the availability and efficiency oftrains, it gravitates the high number of passengers, decreasing private car users, and reducing the congested traffic finally. Unlikebuilding more roads, this policy will increase the car drivers instead.
Secondly, in term of environment concerns, the railways development definitely ease the air pollution in cities as well.Transportation is mainly responsible for global warming because of the high amount of toxic gases released from cars. As a result,introducing new eco-friendly engines such as sky-trains or subways will significantly reduce the amount of carbon emission to theatmosphere and tackle the global warming issue eventually.
Lastly, considering the land issue, building more roads requires a dramatic land. The deforestation and land degradation arenegative consequences of this change. Although the construction of railroads requires some space, leading to deforestation aswell, the need is still lesser than the space for the road construction.
In conclusion, there are several positive points of developing railroads as it promotes the use of public transport systems and ofcause it is an environmentally friendly scheme. In contrast, the road extension leads to land destruction and creates more airpollution. Therefore, the government totally needs to spend the revenue on increasing railroads rather than roads.
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