Advances in technology and automation have reduced the need for manual labour.
Therefore working hours should be reduced. To what extent do you agree?
Same Topic –
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
You should write at least 250 words.
IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay Sample
Sample Answer 1:
In many production-oriented factories, machinery has evolved to such a degree that the
demand for physical labour has considerably reduced, leading to the suggestion of a
reduced working week. However, there are several factors that need to be considered.
Primarily, the long-term impact of shorter working weeks needs to be considered. Although
less time at work may sound appealing, the reality is that people may find that they have
too much free time. Fewer working hours would presumably mean less income, so a
situation arises where employees have more leisure time than their income can support.
This has the potential to result in feelings of boredom, frustration or anxiety, all of which
have potential side-effects for society as a whole.
Connected with this comes the social factor of self-esteem. Working less is one thing;
working less because robots can complete the tasks you were assigned is another. A
solution that would benefit all those concerned would be to utilise the time no longer
required for manual labour for something more productive. Instead of simply reducing the
working week, a combination of industry and government support could allow for
employees to receive further education and training, thus giving those employed in manual
labour the academic tools to find different employment. Even automated factories still
require technicians, mechanics and designers to maintain and improve production.
To summarise, until such time as automation has reduced the working week for all types of
employee, it would perhaps be counter-productive to reduce the hours of those involved in
manual labour without providing an alternative simply because they are replaceable.
Patrick Bourne, author of IELTS High Impact and director of IELTStestONLINE:
One of the strongest points in this essay is the way that the essay has been structured using
a variety of linking words and phrases. The first body paragraph opens with ‘Primarily’, and
the last sentence of the paragraph begins with the reference word ‘This’. The following
paragraph links with ‘Connected with this’ and uses linking words like ‘thus’.
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