IELTS Writing Task 2 – Figures show that some countries have an ever-increasing proportion


Figures show that some countries have an ever-increasing proportion of the population who are aged 15 or younger.

What do you think are the current and future effects of this trend for those countries?


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You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

You should write at least 250 words.


IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay Sample

Sample Answer 1:

Some demographic surveys have shown that the proportions of young people are rising
rapidly. This may be because of any reasons such as illiteracy and poverty or wars or any
other reasons. This essay shall delve into the immediate and long term effects of this trend
on those countries.

The most important current impact of such a trend would be on the national economy. For
instance, goods and services would need to be imported which would lead to an unstable
economy. However, the future effect would be different as there would be more people
within the country needing employment. Then there might arise the problem of

In addition to the effects on economy, there would be social implications also. The
government will have to invest a lot on educational institutes as more children need more
schools and colleges. In addition more spending on health would also be needed. The long
term result would be that the education and health infrastructure would be well developed.

If careful management of such a situation is done by the government, for instance, by
providing good education and health facilities, then the future outcomes could be quite
positive. The society would be younger and more vibrant. The culture of those countries
would be more fast-paced than the traditional culture.

To put it in a nutshell, I pen down saying that the culture and lifestyle of these countries
would be transformed if the population would be younger. Fresh opportunities and
challenges would both be on the way. The trend would cause multiple possible effects and
these countries should strengthen the education and health infrastructure to overcome its
negative influence.

Model Answer 2:

Right proportion of population of all age groups is an important aspect for the social, economical and overall growth of a country. However, in many countries the number of younger population who are less than 15 years old has increased significantly and to a certain extent this has a detrimental effect on the society, workforce and the country. This essay delves with the current and future effects of this trend in countries where younger generation predominates the bigger portion of their population.

With regards to the current effect, an increasing competition in schools is obvious. Since younger generations are mostly school goers, parents would have to suffer to get their children admitted in a good school due to excessive competition. Many poor parents would be forced to send their children to work and earn and this will increase the child labour in many developing and underdeveloped countries. Finally the disproportion of population age distribution in such countries will lead them to the scarcity of skilled labours and other professionals. Finally, since those children are not earning members, that would negatively affect the overall economy of the country. Increasing younger population, though are mainly thought to bring negative effects to the society and country, are not always a burden. They can support their community, become better members of the society through positive competition and can contribute to the family by sharing the workload.

Considering the future effects of this trend, I believe that it would mostly depend on the economic factors and job facilities of a country. If the country has a great economic stability and can create plenty of job opportunities in the future, the under-aged population now would become the de facto to the economy in the future and that would enable the country to develop rapidly. The country will have a huge workers and professionals in the future and they would be able to increase the GDP of such a country. On the contrary, if the country fails to ensure jobs and business opportunity when those children will become adults, the outcome would be catastrophic. The unemployment and crime rate would surely increase and that would negatively affect the society.

To conclude, although a right proportion of population age distribution is necessary, this is not the case in many countries. Based on a countries economic condition, education, training, and job facilities, the increasing younger generation can be a great asses or burden.


Model Answer 3:

Population explosion has got on the nerves of people. Presently, in some part of the world, the number of people between 15 and 30 age group are upsurging rapidly due to distinct reasons including lack of awareness, orthodox mentality of having a boy child and so on. Here, I would like to account for both short term as well as long term consequences increasing population.

There are manifold points that enlighten the effects of above situation. First and foremost, the massive population is promoting deforestation at an alarming rate. To be specific, the growth in number of people will emerge the greater demand of timber, land for constructing houses and buildings, natural resources and so on. Consequently, forests are being vanished to meet human requirements. Thus, mankind is likely to suffer due to the lack of resources.

Further emphasizing on my view, there are some short term advantages, too, of this development. Initially, young people are more energetic, talented and hard worker as compared to elders. As a result, plethora of such individuals could contribute to the economy. Hence, it will be lucrative to ensure development of their country. Moreover, these days, technology is touching the sky of success, which contributes to modify new skills in youth. Therefore, such people can provide quality services as an engineer, doctor, teacher and so on. Thence, it will uplift the standard of living ultimately.

From my notion, undoubtedly, more young people can make earth a better place to live in. however, the cons of this development can never be neglected. People could be made aware of sustainable use of resources to safeguard the negatives of this concern.

To recapitulate, having a large number of young people is both boon and bane for a country. It is essential to remove its cons to prevent shortfalls. After all, ‘prevention is better than cure’.


Model Answer 4:

Lifestyle has undergone dramatic changes over a couple of decades. Presently, the population of teenagers is on the rise in some countries which might have both positive and negative effects on the progress of a nation. Here, I would like to account for current and upcoming consequences of this phenomenon.

Multifarious positive effects can be put down behind this happening. First and foremost, youthful generation plays a phenomenal role to flourish the progress of a nation. For example, majority of young people are expected to learn professional skills related to science, engineering, medical, technology, sports and so on. As a result, a country will be enriched with a massive number of prodigious talented people who could contribute remarkably at jobs to ensure the development of their nation. Besides this, advancement strides only in the presence of youngsters. To be specific, young blood is energetic, agile, creative and adaptive who welcome new changes, adjust nicely and can introduce innovative ideas for betterment of living standard. Hence, a nation is supposed to be more advanced than others.

Moreover, youngsters are well educated, advanced and conscious about healthy living standard. Thence, they could be made willing to participate in social welfare activities such as planting more trees, promoting cleanliness, saving wild life, using biodegradable materials so on to evolve pleasant ecological conditions and superior lifestyle. On the contrary, it has thorny side too.

To begin with, in many thriving regions, employment sources are less due to deprivation of industries and other commercial sectors. Therefore, increasingly number of young people is leading to lack of job opportunities in such areas. Furthermore, the cultural heritage of a nation may lose its significance. To be specific, unlike other age groups, youthful generation has tendency to develop their own ways of living and attitudes rather than following traditional values. Thus, individuality of a culture will be at the low ebb. All of above, generation gap will spread its roots on account of imbalanced ratio of different age groups. Hence, misunderstandings and disputes might be the order of the day between young and late adulthood.

To recapitulate, elevation in the number youngsters may lead to some hardships. However, I still believe positive outcomes will exceed negative results.


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