Cambridge IELTS 11: Test 1 – Reading Passage 2 Solution

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Cambridge IELTS 11 Reading Passage The Falkirk Wheel
Aerial view of the Falkirk Wheel

Cambridge IELTS solution The Falkirk Wheel with answer explanationCambridge IELTS 11: Test 1 – Reading Passage 2 Solution. IELTS reading passage solution, tips and tricks with answer key.

 

THE FALKIRK WHEEL (READING PASSAGE 2)

 

 

Questions 14-19

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2?

in boxes 14-19 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE if the statement agrees with the information

FALSE if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

 

How to answer True, False, and Not Given in IELTS Reading Test?

 

14  FALSE. (P1, L3-5 and P2, L10-11) Millennium Link project to restore navigability across Scotland by reconnecting (means it was connected before) the historic waterways of the Forth & Clyde and Union Canals. This had been dismantled (Connection separated) in 1933, thereby breaking the link.

15 NOT GIVEN. (P3, L1-7) Not mentioned about opposition to the design.

16 TRUE. (P4, L1-9) The various parts of The Falkirk Wheel were all constructed (manufactured) and assembled (put together), like one giant toy building set, at Butterley Engineering’s Steelworks in Derbyshire (Location), some 400 km from Falkirk

 17 NOT GIVEN. (P4, L15-21) Not mentioned about only boat lift in the world bolted by hand like Falkirk Wheel. Passage: the steel sections were bolted rather than welded together. Over 45,000 bolt holes were matched with their bolts, and each bolt was hand-tightened.

18 FALSE. (P5, L4-6) These gondolas always weigh the same, whether or not they are carrying boats.

19 TRUE. (P7, L3-7) The Wheel could not be constructed to —- the presence of the historically important Antonine Wall, which was built by the Romans in the second century AD.

 

 

Questions 20-26

Label the diagram below.

Choose ONE WORD from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 20-26 on your answer sheet.
20 gates. (P6, L4-6) Two (a pair) hydraulic steel gates are raised (lifted), so as to seal the gondola off from (shut out) the water in the canal basin.

21 clamp. (P6, L8-11) A hydraulic clamp, which prevents the arms of the Wheel moving while the gondola is docked, is removed, allowing (enabling) the wheel to turn (to rotate).

22 axle. (P6, L12-13)  In the central machine room an array of ten hydraulic motors then begins to rotate (drive) the central axle.

23 cogs. (P6, L19-22) Two eight-metre-wide (different size) cogs orbit a fixed inner cog of the same width, connected by two smaller cogs travelling —–.

24 aqueduct. (P6, L25-29)  When the gondola reaches the top, the boat passes straight onto the aqueduct situated 24 metres above the canal basin.

25 wall. (P7, L9-11) Boats travel under this wall via a tunnel.

26 locks.  (P7, L1-3) The remaining 11 metres of lift needed to reach the Union Canal is achieved by means of a pair of locks.

 

 

 

 

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Words and Phrase, Synonyms in Passage and Questions

 

Keywords in questions

Similar words in the passage

put together fitting the pieces together / assembled
components various parts
by hand hand-tightened
The weight varies FALSE: always weigh the same
Boats gondolas
ancient monument Antonine Wall… in the second century AD

 

 

Keywords in questions

Similar words in the passage

shut out water Seal … off from the water
enable wheel to rotate allowing the wheel to turn
drive rotate
A range of different-sized Two eight-metre-wide, the same width
ensures boat keeps upright ensuring that the gondolas always remain level
directly straight
through tunnel beneath the wall under the wall via a tunnel

 

 

 

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Vocabulary From Cambridge 11, Test 1, Reading Passage 2

 

 

  • Final → Eventual
  • Many → various, numerous
  • Big → Huge, giant, vast, immense, enormous
    Only → unique
    Fit together, put together → assembler (<>dismantler)
    Build → manufacture, construct
    various parts → components
    By hand → hand-tightened
    Change → vary
    Consider → take into account
    Shut out water from smth → seal smth off from the water
    Enable smth to rotate → allow smth to turn
    A range of … An array of …
    Ensure that …
    Keep upright = remain level
    Under → beneath
    Move directly → pass straight
    Through → via
    … is achieved by .…
    Waterways → navigability
    The major challenge of the project lay in the fact that ….
    situated 35 metres below the level of …
    So → thereby
    A project was launched in …
    Wonderful → dramatic
    Long time → lasting
    Eager to do … → to be keen to do …
    To remember … → … in commemoration of …
    (ex: They are building a statue in commemoration of a national hero)
    ranging from…
    … is claimed to ..
    … is inspired by …
    most notably …
    Strong → robust
    … consists of …
    with a capacity of …
    completely → diametrically
    This is because, according to…
    … roughly the same as …
    (ex: It takes just 1.5 KWh of energy to rotate the Wheel roughly the same as boiling eight small domestic kettles of water)
    because of → owing to …
    whether or not …

 

 

Cambridge IELTS 11 – Reading Practice Test 1 Answer Key

 

1. tomatoes 21. clamp
2. urban centres/centers 22. axle
3. energy 23. cogs
4. fossil fuel 24. aqueduct
5. artificial 25. wall
6. (stacked) trays 26. locks
7. (urban) rooftops 27. D
8. NOT GIVEN 28. B
9. TRUE 29. A
10. FALSE 30. sunshade
11. TRUE 31. iron
12. FALSE 32. algae
13. TRUE 33. clouds
14. FALSE 34. cables
15. NOT GIVEN 35. snow
16. TRUE 36. rivers
17. NOT GIVEN 37. B
18. FALSE 38. D
19. TRUE 39. C
20. gates 40. A

 

 

How To Solve IELTS Reading Passage

  1. List of Heading
  2. Multiple Choice Question
  3. Yes, No, Not Given
  4. Short Answer Question
  5. Factor Matching
  6. Classification
  7. Summery Completion
  8. Information Matching

IELTS Online Preparation Materials

* * Task 2 Sample Answer

* * How to Solve Reading Passage?

* * Practice Reading Passage

* * IELTS Online Practice Test