Cambridge IELTS solution The Falkirk Wheel with answer explanation. Cambridge IELTS 11: Test 1 – Reading Passage 2 Solution. IELTS reading passage solution, tips and tricks with answer key.
THE FALKIRK WHEEL (READING PASSAGE 2)
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2?
in boxes 14-19 on your answer sheet, write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
14 FALSE. (P1, L3-5 and P2, L10-11) Millennium Link project to restore navigability across Scotland by reconnecting (means it was connected before) the historic waterways of the Forth & Clyde and Union Canals. This had been dismantled (Connection separated) in 1933, thereby breaking the link.
15 NOT GIVEN. (P3, L1-7) Not mentioned about opposition to the design.
16 TRUE. (P4, L1-9) The various parts of The Falkirk Wheel were all constructed (manufactured) and assembled (put together), like one giant toy building set, at Butterley Engineering’s Steelworks in Derbyshire (Location), some 400 km from Falkirk
18 FALSE. (P5, L4-6) These gondolas always weigh the same, whether or not they are carrying boats.
19 TRUE. (P7, L3-7) The Wheel could not be constructed to —- the presence of the historically important Antonine Wall, which was built by the Romans in the second century AD.
Label the diagram below.
Choose ONE WORD from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 20-26 on your answer sheet.
20 gates. (P6, L4-6) Two (a pair) hydraulic steel gates are raised (lifted), so as to seal the gondola off from (shut out) the water in the canal basin.
21 clamp. (P6, L8-11) A hydraulic clamp, which prevents the arms of the Wheel moving while the gondola is docked, is removed, allowing (enabling) the wheel to turn (to rotate).
22 axle. (P6, L12-13) In the central machine room an array of ten hydraulic motors then begins to rotate (drive) the central axle.
23 cogs. (P6, L19-22) Two eight-metre-wide (different size) cogs orbit a fixed inner cog of the same width, connected by two smaller cogs travelling —–.
24 aqueduct. (P6, L25-29) When the gondola reaches the top, the boat passes straight onto the aqueduct situated 24 metres above the canal basin.
25 wall. (P7, L9-11) Boats travel under this wall via a tunnel.
26 locks. (P7, L1-3) The remaining 11 metres of lift needed to reach the Union Canal is achieved by means of a pair of locks.
Words and Phrase, Synonyms in Passage and Questions
Keywords in questions
Similar words in the passage
|put together||fitting the pieces together / assembled|
|The weight varies||FALSE: always weigh the same|
|ancient monument||Antonine Wall… in the second century AD|
Keywords in questions
Similar words in the passage
|shut out water||Seal … off from the water|
|enable wheel to rotate||allowing the wheel to turn|
|A range of different-sized||Two eight-metre-wide, the same width|
|ensures boat keeps upright||ensuring that the gondolas always remain level|
|through tunnel beneath the wall||under the wall via a tunnel|
Vocabulary From Cambridge 11, Test 1, Reading Passage 2
- Final → Eventual
- Many → various, numerous
- Big → Huge, giant, vast, immense, enormous
Only → unique
Fit together, put together → assembler (<>dismantler)
Build → manufacture, construct
various parts → components
By hand → hand-tightened
Change → vary
Consider → take into account
Shut out water from smth → seal smth off from the water
Enable smth to rotate → allow smth to turn
A range of … An array of …
Ensure that …
Keep upright = remain level
Under → beneath
Move directly → pass straight
Through → via
… is achieved by .…
Waterways → navigability
The major challenge of the project lay in the fact that ….
situated 35 metres below the level of …
So → thereby
A project was launched in …
Wonderful → dramatic
Long time → lasting
Eager to do … → to be keen to do …
To remember … → … in commemoration of …
(ex: They are building a statue in commemoration of a national hero)
… is claimed to ..
… is inspired by …
most notably …
Strong → robust
… consists of …
with a capacity of …
completely → diametrically
This is because, according to…
… roughly the same as …
(ex: It takes just 1.5 KWh of energy to rotate the Wheel roughly the same as boiling eight small domestic kettles of water)
because of → owing to …
whether or not …
Cambridge IELTS 11 – Reading Practice Test 1 Answer Key
|1. tomatoes||21. clamp|
|2. urban centres/centers||22. axle|
|3. energy||23. cogs|
|4. fossil fuel||24. aqueduct|
|5. artificial||25. wall|
|6. (stacked) trays||26. locks|
|7. (urban) rooftops||27. D|
|8. NOT GIVEN||28. B|
|9. TRUE||29. A|
|10. FALSE||30. sunshade|
|11. TRUE||31. iron|
|12. FALSE||32. algae|
|13. TRUE||33. clouds|
|14. FALSE||34. cables|
|15. NOT GIVEN||35. snow|
|16. TRUE||36. rivers|
|17. NOT GIVEN||37. B|
|18. FALSE||38. D|
|19. TRUE||39. C|
|20. gates||40. A|
How To Solve IELTS Reading Passage
- List of Heading
- Multiple Choice Question
- Yes, No, Not Given
- Short Answer Question
- Factor Matching
- Summery Completion
- Information Matching