Cambridge IELTS 10 – Test 3- Reading Passage 1 – Step By Step Solution

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The Context, Meaning and Scope of Tourism

Cambridge IELTS 10 – Test 3- Reading Passage 1 Full Solution. IELTS Reading Practice Test.

READING PASSAGE 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13,which are based on Reading Passage 1 on the following pages.

The Context, Meaning and Scope of Tourism

 

A   Travel has existed since the beginning of time, when primitive man set out, often traversing great distances in search of game, which provided the food and clothing necessary for his survival. Throughout the course of history, people have travelled for purposes of trade, religious conviction, economic gain, war, migration and other equally compelling motivations. In the Roman era, wealthy aristocrats and high government officials also travelled for pleasure. Seaside resorts located at Pompeii and Herculaneum afforded citizens the opportunity to escape to their vacation villas in order to avoid the summer heat of Rome. Travel, except during the Dark Ages, has continued to grow and, throughout recorded history, has played a vital role in the development of civilisations and their economies.

B  Tourism in the mass form as we know it today is a distinctly twentieth-century phenomenon. Historians suggest that the advent of mass tourism began in England during the industrial revolution with the rise of the middle class and the availability of relatively inexpensive transportation. The creation of the commercial airline industry following the Second World War and the subsequent development of the jet aircraft in the 1950s signalled the rapid growth and expansion of international travel. This growth led to the development of a major new industry: tourism. In turn, international tourism became the concern of a number of world governments since it not only provided new employment opportunities but also produced a means of earning foreign exchange.

C    Tourism today has grown significantly in both economic and social importance. In most industrialised countries over the past few years the fastest growth has been seen in the area of services. One of the largest segments of the service industry, although largely unrecognised as an entity in some of these countries, is travel and tourism. According to the World Travel and Tourism Council (1992),Travel and tourism is the largest industry in the world on virtually any economic measure including value-added capital investment, employment and tax contributions,. In 1992’ the industry’s gross output was estimated to be $3.5 trillion, over 12 per cent of all consumer spending. The travel and tourism industry is the world’s largest employer the almost 130 million jobs, or almost 7 per cent of all employees. This industry is the world’s leading industrial contributor, producing over 6 per cent of the world’s national product and accounting for capital investment in excess of $422 billion m direct indirect and personal taxes each year. Thus, tourism has a profound impact both on the world economy and, because of the educative effect of travel and the effects on employment, on society itself.

D    However, the major problems of the travel and tourism industry that have hidden, or obscured, its economic impact are the diversity and fragmentation of the industry itself. The travel industry includes: hotels, motels and other types of accommodation; restaurants and other food services; transportation services and facilities; amusements, attractions and other leisure facilities; gift shops and a large number of other enterprises. Since many of these businesses also serve local residents, the impact of spending by visitors can easily be overlooked or underestimated. In addition, Meis (1992) points out that the tourism industry involves concepts that have remained amorphous to both analysts and decision makers. Moreover, in all nations this problem has made it difficult for the industry to develop any type of reliable or credible tourism information base in order to estimate the contribution it makes to regional, national and global economies. However, the nature of this very diversity makes travel and tourism ideal vehicles for economic development in a wide variety of countries, regions or communities.

E   Once the exclusive province of the wealthy, travel and tourism have become an institutionalised way of life for most of the population. In fact, McIntosh and Goeldner (1990) suggest that tourism has become the largest commodity in international trade for many nations and, for a significant number of other countries, it ranks second or third. For example, tourism is the major source of income in Bermuda, Greece, Italy, Spain, Switzerland and most Caribbean countries. In addition, Hawkins and Ritchie, quoting from data published by the American Express Company, suggest that the travel and tourism industry is the number one ranked employer in the Bahamas, Brazil, Canada, France, (the former) West Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the United States. However, because of problems of definition, which directly affect statistical measurement, it is not possible with any degree of certainty to provide precise, valid or reliable data about the extent of world-wide tourism participation or its economic impact. In many cases, similar difficulties arise when attempts are made to measure domestic tourism.

Questions 1-4

Reading Passage 1 has five paragraphs, A-E.

Choose the correct heading for paragraphs B-E from the list of headings below.

Write the correct number, i-vii,in boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet

List of Headings

i. Economic and social significance of tourism
ii. The development of mass tourism
iii. Travel for the wealthy
iv. Earning foreign exchange through tourism
v. Difficulty in recognising the economic effects of tourism
vi. The contribution of air travel to tourism
vii. The world impact of tourism
viii. The history of travel

Example Answer
Paragraph A viii

1. Paragraph B
2.Paragraph C
3. Paragraph D
4. Paragraph E

Questions 5-10

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?

In boxes 5-10 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

5. The largest employment figures in the world are found in the travel and tourism industry.
6. Tourism contributes over six per cent of the Australian gross national product.
7. Tourism has a social impact because it promotes recreation.
8. Two main features of the travel and tourism industry make its economic significance difficult to
ascertain.
9. Visitor spending is always greater than the spending of residents in tourist areas.
10. It is easy to show statistically how tourism affects individual economies.

Questions 11-13

Complete the sentences below.

Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in Doxes 11-13 on your answer sheet.

11. In Greece, tourism the most important……………………..

12. The travel and tourism industry in Jamaica is the major…………

13. The problems associated with measuring international tourism are often reflected in the measurement of………………………

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Step by step solution to CAMBREDGE IELTS 10 – TEST 3 – Reading Passage 1The Context, Meaning and Scope of Tourism

 

Questions 1-4

Match Heading

 

1. Paragraph B

Tourism in the mass form as we know it today is a distinctly twentieth-century phenomenon.

This line is taken from the 1st line of the paragraph B. Here, Distinctly twentieth- century phenomenon means the development of the mass tourism.

**So the answer is- ii. The development of mass tourism

2.Paragraph C

Tourism today has grown significantly in both economic and social importance.

This line is taken from the 1st line of paragraph C. Here, it clearly says about economic and social significance.

**So the answer is- i. Economic and social significance of tourism

3. Paragraph D

However, the major problems of the travel and tourism industry that have hidden, or obscured, its economic impact are the diversity and fragmentation of the industry itself.

This line is taken from the 1st line of paragraph D. Here, It is clear that, the major problem means difficulty in recognising the economic effects means economic  impacts of tourism .

**So the answer is v. Difficulty in recognising the economic effects of tourism.

4. Paragraph E

Once the exclusive province of the wealthy, travel and tourism have become an institutionalised way of life for most of the population.

This line is taken from the 1st line of paragraph E. Here, Once refers to the history .

**So the answer is- vii. The history of travel.

 

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Questions 5-10

TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN

5. The largest employment figures in the world are found in the travel and tourism industry.

In turn, international tourism became the concern of a number of world governments since it not only provided new employment opportunities but also produced a means of earning foreign exchange.

This line is taken from the last line of paragraph B. Here, it is clear that travel and tourism industries provided new employment opportunities  and became the largest employment figures in the world.

**So the answer is TRUE.  

6. Tourism contributes over six per cent of the Australian gross national product.

This industry is the world’s leading industrial contributor, producing over 6 per cent of the world’s national product and accounting for capital investment in excess of $422 billion m direct indirect and personal taxes each year.

This line is taken from the 7th line of the paragraph C. Here, there is no indication of Australian gross national products rather it says about the world’s national products.

**So the answer is NOT GIVEN.

7. Tourism has a social impact because it promotes recreation.

Thus, tourism has a profound impact both on the world economy and, because of the educative effect of travel and the effects on employment, on society itself.

This line is taken from the last line of the paragraph C. Here, we get tourism has a profound impact on society means tourism has a social impacts but we don’t get the reason of the social impact.

**So the answer is NOT GIVEN

8. Two main features of the travel and tourism industry make its economic significance difficult to ascertain.

However, the major problems of the travel and tourism industry that have hidden, or obscured, its economic impact are the diversity and fragmentation of the industry itself.

This line is taken from the 1st line  of the paragraph D. Here, Two main features are diversity and fragmentation of the travel and tourism industry, that make its economic impacts means economic significance hidden or obscured that means difficult to ascertain.

**So the answer is TRUE

9. Visitor spending is always greater than the spending of residents in tourist areas.

Since many of these businesses also serve local residents, the impact of spending by visitors can easily be overlooked or underestimated.

This line taken from 3rd line of the paragraph D. Here, no clear distinction between the spending of visitors and residents rather it says spending by visitors can easily be overlooked or underestimated.

**So the answer is NOT GIVEN.

10. It is easy to show statistically how tourism affects individual economies.

which directly affect statistical measurement, it is not possible with any degree of certainty to provide precise, valid or reliable data about the extent of world-wide tourism participation or its economic impact.

This line is taken from the last line of the paragraph E. Here, it is clear that statistical measurement is not possible that means it is not easy to show statistically.

**So the answer is FALSE

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Questions 10-13

Fill in the blanks

11. In Greece, tourism the most important……………………..

tourism is the major source of income in Bermuda, Greece, Italy, Spain, Switzerland and most Caribbean countries.

This line is taken from the 3rd line of the paragraph E. Here, it is clear from the line that in Greece tourism is the major source of income that means most important source of income.

**So the answer is- source of income.

12. The travel and tourism industry in Jamaica is the major…………

suggest that the travel and tourism industry is the number one ranked employer in the Bahamas, Brazil, Canada, France, (the former) West Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the United States.

This line is taken from the 4th line of paragraph E. Here, the number one ranked means the majoremployer in different countries with Jamaica.

**So the answer is -employer.

13. The problems associated with measuring international tourism are often reflected in the measurement of………………………

In many cases, similar difficulties arise when attempts are made to measure domestic tourism.

This line is taken from the last line of last paragraph. Here it is clear that problems associated with measuring international tourism are often reflected, means similar difficulties arise,  in the measurement of domestic tourism.

**So the answer is -domestic tourism.

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5 COMMENTS

  1. hi kindly check your explanation at test 3 passage 3 no.4 quite confusing
    your answer is vii but the final words is history of travel.

    i really like your website thanks for everything that you provided for aspiring passers of IELTS

  2. Hi there,
    Concerning question 7, I am a bit confused since aren’t the reasons for tourism’s social impacts mentioned in this phrase “BECAUSE OF THE EDUCATIVE EFFECT OF TRAVEL AND THE EFFECTS ON EMPLOYMENT”?
    Thank you for your clarification!